Royal tombs. The Ur excavations are a remarkable story, and Woolley's prize find, the Early Dynastic Royal Cemetery, is one of the greatest archaeological discoveries ever made. In the late s, Woolley uncovered a cemetery with as many as burials spread over an area approximately 70 by 55 meters. Ur Excavations: Volulme V: The Ziggurat and its Surroundings by WOOLLEY, Leonard and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books. The Ur III Period, by Sir Leonard Woolley (in preparation). VII. The Larsa In the course of the excavations short titles were assigned to the various sites, for.


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His excavation of Ur —34conducted for the British MuseumLondonand the University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphia, enabled scholars to trace the history of the city from its woolley ur excavations days during the 4th century bc back to its prehistoric beginnings c.


With the help of contributors, he began publishing a projected 10 volumes of Ur Excavations in Woolley also sought to establish a relationship between the civilizations of Mesopotamia and those of Greece and the Aegean.

Woolley ur excavations, the Corbridge Lion was found under his supervision.

Woolley's Excavations

In —, with T. Lawrence as his assistant, he excavated the Hittite city of Carchemish.

Lawrence and Woolley were apparently working for British Naval Intelligence and monitoring the construction of Germany's Berlin-to-Baghdad railway. He then moved to Alexandria, where he was assigned to work on naval espionage.

Turkey captured a ship he was on, and held him for two years in a relatively comfortable prisoner-of-war camp. He received the Croix de Guerre from France at the war's end. The Illustrated London News ran woolley ur excavations thirty features on the excavations, rivaled only by the discovery of the intact tomb of Tutankhamun.

In contrast to that famous Egyptian find, however, Woolley uncovered and examined more than 2, burials. Some of them were so richly furnished as to require him to telegram the news of their discovery in secret code.

As a result of the extensive publicity, Iraqis and tourists from all parts of the globe, including European royalty and even the author Agatha Christie, flocked to the remote site in the Iraqi desert. As the Great Depression settled in it became more difficult to fund excavations and Woolley brought the work to a close in The artifacts and records were divided among Baghdad, London, woolley ur excavations Philadelphia as agreed.

The artifacts woolley ur excavations to Baghdad were the first material accessioned into the Iraq National Museum. The excavation of Ur was conducted in a period of great importance to the modern Middle East, a period that saw the creation of many new nations in the region, including Iraq itself.

Important Finds Public buildings and ziggurat The ziggurat temple tower is the most prominent feature of the site. A temple to Nanna, the moon god, would have stood atop the ziggurat.

Woolley determined that the ziggurat and other public buildings were located within an enclosure or temenos.

Leonard Woolley - Wikipedia

Urnamma built the first enclosure, then Nebuchadnezzar II built a larger mud brick enclosure wall, the temenos, with six gates. The best-preserved private houses he discovered date to the 2nd millennium. Houses at Ur generally lay along winding streets and alleyways rather than a squared city grid.

The floors of these houses woolley ur excavations typically much lower than street level—up to a meter lower—because rubbish and dirt accumulated so quickly in the streets. Woolley noted an interesting detail: He suggested this was to prevent pack mules from catching their loads on edges and knocking their wares into the street.

Many crossroads also had a small public shrine or chapel.


As well as houses within the city, Woolley also found house remains outside the woolley ur excavations walls, scattered all the way to Tell al-Ubaid, 6km to the northwest.

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